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20 / 10 / 2008

WISH-HOPE (2): meaning and examples

Good morning. I hope all of you had a nice weekend.

Today we review the uses of WISH, but we add some more details and examples, and then we explain when we use HOPE.

We use wish past simple to express that we want a situation in the present (or future) to be different.

-(Present) I wish I was at the beach. (I'm in the office.)
-(Future) I wish it was the weekend tomorrow. (It's only Wednesday tomorrow.)

We use wish would bare infinitive (without "to") to express impatience, annoyance or dissatisfaction with a present action.

-I wish you would stop smoking.
(You are smoking at the moment and it is annoying me.)

-I wish it would stop raining.
(I'm impatient because it is raining and I want to go outside.)

We use wish past continuous to express that we want to be doing a different action in the present (or future).

-(Present) I wish I was lying on a beach right now. (I'm sitting in the office.)
-(Future): I wish you weren't leaving tomorrow. (You are leaving tomorrow.)

We use wish past perfect to express a regret, or that we want a situation in the past to be different.

-I wish I hadn't eaten so much. (I ate a lot and I regret it.)
-I wish I had studied harder at school. (I didn't study much at school.)

To simply express that you want something to happen in the future (not talking about wanting an action or situation to be different, and not talking about impatience or annoyance) we use the verb hope (not wish).

-I hope it's sunny tomorrow.
-I hope you study English a little each day.

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Enjoy your day!