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28 / 10 / 2009

PHRASAL VERB GRAMMAR-2: meaning and examples

Good morning.

Today we continue our look at phrasal verb grammar.

Some examples of separable phrasal verbs are blow up (estallar; explotar), fill out (rellenar) and hand in (entregar). Study the following examples with the verb blow up.

1) He blew up the building with dynamite.
2) He blew the building up with dynamite.
3) He blew it up.
4) ***He blew up it.*** (incorrect)

When a phrasal verb is separable, usually the main verb and the particle can be separated by the object or not (that is... you have a choice). However, if we use a pronoun (it) in the place of an object (the building) we are obliged to separate the main verb from its particle with the pronoun (see example 3). If we don't separate the main verb from the particle with the pronoun, the sentence is incorrect (see example 4).

Here are some more example to consider.

5) He filled out the form
6) He filled the form out.
7) He filled it out.
8) ***He filled out it.*** (incorrect)

Tomorrow we will finish by looking at some inseparable and intransitive phrasal verbs. Remember, also, to read the phrasal verb article included in the Resources section on our website: Trying to Organise the Phrasal Verb "Chaos". I again include the link to the section.

If you have any questions about today's Daily Vitamin, please post your comments by clicking on the "Add a Comment" button in the Daily Vitamin section on our website (

I hope you have a nice day.