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10 / 11 / 2008

ARISE-RISE-RAISE: meaning and examples

Good morning. I hope everyone had a nice weekend.

Over the next few days we are going to answer a question that we received from two Ziggurat students who are currently living and working abroad in an English-speaking country. Here is the question from Belén and Christian.

Nos gustaría haceros una pregunta sobre un tema un poco confuso, y así de paso si queréis podéis hacer una vitamina: ¿cuál es la auténtica diferencia entre RISE/ARISE/RAISE? Hablando a lo mejor se puede usar todo, pero a la hora de escribir no sabemos qué es más correcto.
Belén y Christian.

First, let's look at the basic meaning of these words as verbs.

The meaning of arise: to happen; to start to exist.

The meaning of rise: to come or go upwards; to reach a higher level or position.

The meaning of raise: to lift or move SOMETHING to a higher level.

Example 1 (arise):
A new economic crisis has arisen.

Example 2 (rise):
The smoke is rising from the chimney.

Example 3 (raise):
If you know the answer in class, please raise your hand.

Rise (subir) and raise (levantar) are synonyms, while arise (surgir) has a different (but related) meaning. 

The verb rise DOES NOT include a verb object while raise does. We always raise something, whereas something always rises. In example 3 there is a verb object (your hand); in example 2, no.

Rise can be both a verb and a noun, but raise is generally ONLY used as a verb (although there are some examples of raise used as a noun).

Arise is always a verb.

Arise is generally considered more formal and literary.

These are the main differences between these words; we will dedicate a lesson to each of these verbs over the next three days. 

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Have a great day!

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