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08 / 04 / 2005

BEEN vs. GONE: meaning and examples

Good morning. To form the present perfect in English, we use HAVE with the past participle of the verb. Example 1 I have been in Asturias several times. Been is the past participle of the verb Be. The translation of this sentence into Spanish would be: i) He estado en Asturias varias veces. Example 2 Mark has gone to Asturias for the weekend. Example 2 includes a sentence with the present perfect using the past participle of the verb go. The translation into Spanish would be: ii) Mark se ha ido a Asturias el fin de semana. After studying the differences between Example 1 and Example 2, what do you think is the difference between the following sentences? a) Rachel has BEEN to the bank. b) Rachel has GONE to the bank. If you use the verb be, then it is understood that Rachel went to the bank and has returned. If you use the verb go then we understand that Rachel went to the bank, but she hasn't returned yet. Even though it's basically the same in Spanish, students can sometimes get confused about this difference. iii) Rachel ha estado en el banco. iv) Rachel se ha ido al banco. If you have any questions about today's Daily Vitamin, please don't hesitate to contact me. Have a good day and an excellent weekend!