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Wednesday the 17th of January, 2018
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PAST PERFECT (VS. SIMPLE PAST)

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Happy Wednesday to you all! Are you ready for day three of our Past Perfect theme? 

Today we are looking at sentences that combine the PAST PERFECT with the SIMPLE PAST

In sentences with both tenses, we know that the Past Perfect action will come before the Simple Past action. But is it always necessary to use Past Perfect in these types of sentences? Often, in sentences with specific dates (and the words "before" or "after"), either tense is correct. See the examples below to understand what I am referring to.

Example 1: I had travelled to Greece once in 2008, and again in 2012, before I moved there. 

Do we need the Past Perfect tense? In this case, no; we have the dates to show us which action happened first. We can also just use the Simple Past

Example 2: I travelled to Greece once in 2008, and again in 2012, before I moved there. 

However, when we talk about non-specific times, the Past Perfect is the better choice. 

Example 3: Tim had never seen a dolphin before he went to Hawaii. (correct)

Example 4: Tim never saw a dolphin before he went to Hawaii. (sounds strange)

That's all for today! Tomorrow we will learn how to place adverbs in sentences with the Past Perfect.

We'll see you then!



Tuesday the 16th of May, 2017
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TENSE TUESDAY: ACTIVE VS. PASSIVE SIMPLE PAST

LISTEN TO THE DAILY VITAMIN HERE:

Good morning everyone and welcome to Tuesday's Daily Vitamin!

Today we are looking at the ACTIVE and PASSIVE forms of the Simple Past.

Remember that the Simple Past form of a verb in English has the -ED ending (if it's a regular verb): loved, hated, locked, etc. Irregular verbs change form; consider the following irregular verbs.

-go (present) went (past)
-see (present) saw (past)
-take (present) took (past)
etc.


The Simple Past Passive uses the following form: 

was + past participle

What's the difference between the ACTIVE and PASSIVE? Each one places a different emphasis on a different part of the sentence. With the ACTIVE sentence, the emphasis is on the subject

Example 1: Sarah planned the party.
(The emphasis is on Sarah.)

Example 2: The party was planned by Sarah.
(The emphasis is on the party.)

Notice that the form of the past participle (planned) and the simple past (planned) are the same. This happens often, although there are lots of exceptions.

That's all for today. Thank you for reading!