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Wednesday the 09th of May, 2018
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PRESENT PERFECT: UNCOMPLETED (EXPECTED) ACTION

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Welcome back, everyone! This week, we are focusing on some grammar, specifically the uses of the Present Perfect tense.

Remember that this tense uses this form:

HAS / HAVE + past participle

Today we will look at using it to show AN UNCOMPLETED ACTION WE ARE EXPECTING. We are waiting for this action to happen, but it hasn't happened yet. We often use YET and STILL with these sentences. 

Example 1: We still haven't finished the report. 

Example 2: Have you finished washing the dishes (yet)?

Example 3: I haven't learned how to use the Past Perfect, but I know how to use the Present Perfect. 

What haven't you finished yet today that you want to get done? Tell us on one of our social media sites (Facebook or Twitter). 

Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/ZigguratLanguageServices

Twitter: https://twitter.com/englishdaily

That's all for today's lesson. Thank you for reading!



Friday the 19th of January, 2018
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PAST PERFECT (ACTIVE VS. PASSIVE)

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Welcome to our last lesson of the week, everyone! We have looked at four different lessons about the Past Perfect. Today, we look at the PASSIVE PAST PERFECT.

The passive form of the Past Perfect follows this form:

had + been + past participle

Example 1: The dryer had been repaired twice before it finally broke.

The repairs, in example 1, came before the breaking. Notice that we are not interested in who repaired the dryer, so we use the passive.

Example 2: She had been told that swimming with sharks was dangerous, but she still went. 

Example 3: We had been advised to arrive at the airport three hours early because of weather delays. 

That's it for the week about the Past Perfect. I hope you learned some new things about this tense!

Have a wonderful weekend. We will see you on Monday when we begin a week of practice with Cambridge FCE Reading and Use of English Part 3.



Thursday the 18th of January, 2018
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PAST PERFECT (ADVERB PLACEMENT)

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Hello, everyone! Welcome to another day of our lessons about the Past Perfect. Today we are talking about the placement of ADVERBS when using this tense. 

Generally, in statements, we place the adverb between the verb HAD and the PAST PARTICIPLE

Subject + HAD + (adverb) + past participle

Example 1: We had never seen a shooting star that was so bright, until we went camping.

Example 2: Yes, I had previously considered being an environmental scientist.

Example 3: My dad had always wanted a Ferrari. I can't believe he finally owns one.

In the question form, the adverb comes between the SUBJECT and the PAST PARTICIPLE.

HAD + subject + (adverb) + past participle...?

Example 4: Had you ever thought about a different career before becoming a doctor?

That's it for today! Tomorrow will be our last lesson on the Past Perfect. We hope you'll join us.

Thank you for reading!



Wednesday the 17th of January, 2018
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PAST PERFECT (VS. SIMPLE PAST)

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Happy Wednesday to you all! Are you ready for day three of our Past Perfect theme? 

Today we are looking at sentences that combine the PAST PERFECT with the SIMPLE PAST

In sentences with both tenses, we know that the Past Perfect action will come before the Simple Past action. But is it always necessary to use Past Perfect in these types of sentences? Often, in sentences with specific dates (and the words "before" or "after"), either tense is correct. See the examples below to understand what I am referring to.

Example 1: I had travelled to Greece once in 2008, and again in 2012, before I moved there. 

Do we need the Past Perfect tense? In this case, no; we have the dates to show us which action happened first. We can also just use the Simple Past

Example 2: I travelled to Greece once in 2008, and again in 2012, before I moved there. 

However, when we talk about non-specific times, the Past Perfect is the better choice. 

Example 3: Tim had never seen a dolphin before he went to Hawaii. (correct)

Example 4: Tim never saw a dolphin before he went to Hawaii. (sounds strange)

That's all for today! Tomorrow we will learn how to place adverbs in sentences with the Past Perfect.

We'll see you then!



Tuesday the 16th of January, 2018
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PAST PERFECT (DURATION BEFORE SOMETHING IN THE PAST) 

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Hello everyone! Today is the second Daily Vitamin lesson of our week about the Past Perfect.

Today we are looking at another use of this tense: DURATION OF AN ACTION OR SITUATION BEFORE ANOTHER MOMENT OR ACTION IN THE PAST.

We use the Past Perfect to show that something began in the past and continued in the past up until another moment or event (also in the past)

Example 1: I had lived in that apartment for ten years before I realized that there was a secret door in the kitchen floor. 

Example 2: We had had problems with the washing machine for five years before it finally broke

Example 3: He had taught English for 10 years before he decided to write a book. 

That's it for today's lesson. Tomorrow we will focus on the Past Perfect vs. the Simple Past. We will see you then!