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Friday the 30th of January, 2015
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Good morning! Another week of the Daily Vitamin is coming to an end, and we are finishing with a phrasal verb and lyrics from a song by the band Fun

Today's phrasal verb is: TO STAND FOR

Definition 1: to be an abbreviation or symbol.

Example 1: The letters EU stand for the European Union and UK stands for the United Kingdom. 

Example 2: The 50 stars of the US flag stand for the 50 States. 

Definition 2: to support something.

Example 3: She says she's a vegetarian because she doesn't stand for the killing of animals.

Example 4: This politician says he doesn't stand for violence or war. 

There is a song by the band Fun called "Some Nights" (or "What Do I Stand For?"). It's a great example of the second definition of this phrasal verb. In this song, the singer asks "Who am I?" and admits he doesn't know what he stands for. Listen to the song using the link below...

and read the lyrics here:

What Do I Stand For?
by Fun

Some nights I stay up cashing in my bad luck
Some nights I call it a draw
Some nights I wish that my lips could build a castle
Some nights I wish they'd just fall off

But I still wake up, I still see your ghost
Oh, Lord, I'm still not sure what I stand for oh
Whoa oh oh (What do I stand for?)
Whoa oh oh (What do I stand for?)

Most nights I don't know anymore...
Oh, whoa, oh, whoa, oh, whoa, oh, oh,
Oh, whoa, oh, whoa, oh, whoa, oh, oh

This is it, boys, this is war - what are we waiting for?
Why don't we break the rules already?
I was never one to believe the hype
Save that for the black and white

I try twice as hard and I'm half as liked,
But here they come again to jack my style
That's alright (that's alright)
I found a martyr in my bed tonight
She stops my bones from wondering just who I am, who I am, who I am
Oh, who am I? Mmm... Mmm...

Well, some nights I wish that this all would end
'Cause I could use some friends for a change.
And some nights I'm scared you'll forget me again
Some nights I always win, I always win...
But I still wake up, I still see your ghost
Oh, Lord, I'm still not sure what I stand for, oh
Whoa oh oh (What do I stand for?)
Whoa oh oh (What do I stand for?)
Most nights I don't know... (oh, come on)

So this is it. I sold my soul for this?
Washed my hands of that for this?
I miss my mom and dad for this?
(Come on)

No. When I see stars, when I see, when I see stars, that's all they are
When I hear songs, they sound like a swan, so come on.
Oh, come on. Oh, come on. Oh, come on!

Well, that is it guys, that is all - five minutes in and I'm bored again
Ten years of this, I'm not sure if anybody understands
This one is not for the folks at home;
Sorry to leave, mom, I had to go
Who the fuck wants to die alone all dried up in the desert sun?

My heart is breaking for my sister and the con that she called "love"
When I look into my nephew's eyes...
Man, you wouldn't believe the most amazing things that can come from...
Some terrible nights... ah...

Oh, whoa, oh, whoa, oh, whoa, oh, oh,
Oh, whoa, oh, whoa, oh, whoa, oh, oh

The other night you wouldn't believe the dream I just had about you and me
I called you up but we'd both agree
It's for the best you didn't listen
It's for the best we get our distance... Oh...
It's for the best you didn't listen
It's for the best we get our distance... Oh...

Thanks for tuning in during the month of January for our lessons. We hope you learned some new expressions and grammar. I'll see you next week for the start of February's
Daily Vitamins!

Have a great day!

Thursday the 29th of January, 2015
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Happy Thursday to all of you! I hope you are having a splendid week. 

For the month of January, we have been looking at words that are both nouns and verbs. We started with the word REJECT and last week we looked at the word WIND. Today we are looking at the word OBJECT

Depending on whether the word is a noun or verb, the meaning and the pronunciation change. 

Definition 1 (noun): A thing that can be seen or touched; a person or thing to which a specified action or feeling is directed. 

For this form, we put the stress on the first syllable of the word: OBject.

Example 1: I can't see the OBject in the photo. Is it a bird? Is it a plane?

Example 2: I think the OBject is Superman. 

Definition 2 (verb): to state disagreement with something or someone.

For this form, we put the stress on the second syllable of the word: obJECT

Example 3: I obJECT to the way animals are treated in product testing.  

Example 4:
He obJECTed to what she said about his personality. 

Notice that when the verb
obJECT is followed by an OBject, the adverbial particle TO is necessary. In essence, it becomes a phrasal verb: TO OBJECT TO.

Speaking of phrasal verbs, remember that tomorrow is Phrasal Verb Friday!

That's all for today. If you have any
obJECTions to the content covered today, let us know on our Facebook page.

Have a great day!

Wednesday the 28th of January, 2015
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Good morning and welcome to the Daily Vitamin's Wordy Wednesday!

Thanks to social media, UNFRIEND (which means "to stop being friends with someone" or "to remove someone as a friend on social media") is now a common word. Today we look at a verb with the opposite meaning: TO BEFRIEND

Definition: to make someone your friend. (formal)

Example 1: Steven befriended me when I was a new student in the class. 

Example 2: If you befriend someone, you will always be special to them. 

Interestingly, befriend existed hundreds of years before we "invented" the opposite word, UNFRIEND

If you are interested in learning about the word UNFRIEND, click on the link below to read an article about when the word was officially added to the English language in 2009.

Thanks for reading! Have a great day!

Tuesday the 27th of January, 2015
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Welcome back, everyone! Today's lesson continues with last week's lesson on COMPARATIVES. Last Tuesday, we looked at how to compare two things using a one-syllable adjective or adverb. Today, we are looking at two-syllable words. 

If the adjective ends in Y, then we change the -Y to -IER

Example 1: I'm happy; I'm happier than I was five years ago. 

Example 2: It's windy. It's windier than it was yesterday. 

If the adjective has more than two syllables we keep the adjective the same and use the formula MORE + ADJECTIVE + THAN

Example 3: He is more generous than anyone I know.

Some two-syllable adjectives also use this format.

Example 4: We are more social than in the past, thanks to the Internet. 

NOTE: When the adjective has two syllables, it may follow the -ER structure (which we looked at last week) or use the formula MORE + ADJECTIVE + THAN. In fact, in some cases native speakers may accept both options.

Example 5a: This task is simpler than the last one.

Example 5b: This task is more simple than the last one.

It is best to consult a dictionary if you are unsure, since this depends on the individual adjective you use.

For adverbs that are more than one syllable, we use the construction MORE + ADVERB + THAN

Example 6: He works more carefully than his co-workers. 

There is one thing we have not covered: adjectives or adverbs that are irregular and do not follow these grammar points. We will cover these soon, so stay tuned!

That's all for today. Thanks for reading! 

Monday the 26th of January, 2015
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Hello everyone and welcome back to the Daily Vitamin. I hope you had a good weekend. I also hope that you are looking forward to improving your English skills with us. This week is full of new phrases, expressions, and grammar notes.

As always, we are starting the week with Missing Monday. Today's sentence features a common mistake that native Spanish and Catalan speakers often make.

Sentence 1: I should take __________ of this unusually warm winter weather and go for a run. 

The meaning of the missing collocation is similar to "make use" or "gain."

What do you think the answer is? Tell us on our Facebook page. We will announce the answer there later today.

Good luck, and thanks for participating!