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Tuesday the 30th of September, 2014
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TENSE TUESDAY: HAVING A GOOD TIME (by breaking a rule?)

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Good morning again.

Last week on Mistake Monday we looked at the incorrect sentence **I am owning a car.**

http://www.ziggurat.es/es/lecciones_ingles/index.asp?id=2409

We said that this sentence is incorrect because "have" is a Non-action Verb, so it cannot be used with Progressive tenses. The correct sentence should be I own a car.

However, there are times when we use the verb HAVE in the progressive tense. It's when HAVE is part of an action expression, such as "have lunch," "have a good time," "have a party," "have a baby" or "have a problem." Here are some examples of sentences that use these expressions.

Example 1: I am having lunch with my mom today.

Example 2: I am having a good time tonight!

Example 3: We are having a party this weekend.

Example 4: She is having a baby in June.

Example 5: We are having problems at work.

These expressions are different because the verb HAVE is not the non-action verb that means "to possess or own." These examples are expressions of action, and not expressions of possession.

Thanks for reading. I hope you are having a great day!


Monday the 29th of September, 2014
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MISTAKE MONDAY: **WE ARE FRIENDS SINCE...**

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Good morning everyone. I hope you had a great weekend.

As you know, on Mistake Monday the Daily Vitamin focuses on an error commonly made by English learners. Can you spot the mistake in the sentence below?

Sentence 1: **We are friends since 2010.**

This sentence uses a verb in the Simple Present tense ("we are"), but it also talks about the past (2010). The speaker wants to say that these people became friends in 2010 and are still friends today. The Present Perfect is a tense we use to talk about an event that began in the past and continues until today: activities in progress.

The sentence should read like sentence 2 below.

Sentence 2: We have been friends since 2010.

Here are some more examples of how to use the Present Perfect to talk about activities or situations in progress.

Example 1: I have worked for my company since 2003.

If you include the time the activity has been in progress, rather than the start of the activity, we use for instead of since.

Example 2: She has lived in this neighbourhood for forty years!

This is one of many ways we use the Present Perfect.

Be sure to join us tomorrow for Tense Tuesday, when we learn about a situation when it seems like you can break a grammar rule.

Have a great day!


Friday the 26th of September, 2014
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PHRASAL VERB FRIDAY: TO FALL BACK

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Good morning everyone.

On Phrasal Verb Friday The Daily Vitamin focuses on English phrasal verbs. Today we are examining the words FALL BACK. Click here for last week's Phrasal Verbs with FALL APART.

Phrasal Verb 1
: to fall back

Definition: To retreat (This is mainly a military term.)

Example 1: The soldiers fell back after they saw the enemy.

There is also a three-word phrasal verb with "fall back":

Phrasal Verb 2: to fall back on

Definition: To rely on someone or something; to use another plan.

Example 2:  I can always fall back on my parents when I need a little extra money.

Example 3: If I do not get this new job, I still have my old job to fall back on.

Thanks for reading! Tune in next week for more lessons, and please check back next Friday when we look at three-word phrasal verbs.

We hope that you have a wonderful weekend!


Thursday the 25th of September, 2014
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THEME THURSDAY: IDIOMS WITH 'FALL' (2)

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Good morning again.

On Theme Thursday The Daily Vitamin focuses on an English theme. For the month of September, we are discussing idioms with FALL. Click here to see last week's fall idioms.

Idiom 1
: To take the fall (for someone)

Definition
: To take the blame for something you did not do (so you can save someone else from punishment).

Example 1: I took the fall for my brother when he broke my mom's glasses.

Idiom 2: Fall on deaf ears

Definition: When someone does not listen to you.

Example 2: My complaints fell on deaf ears. The company still has not replaced my broken TV.

Tune in tomorrow for Phrasal Verb Friday, when we continue our lesson on the word FALL and examine the phrase FALL BACK. And make sure to check back next week for October's Theme Thursday, when we will look at Formal vs. Informal Business Greetings.

Have a great day!


Wednesday the 24th of September, 2014
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WORDY WEDNESDAY: "BUM" IN CALIFORNIA SLANG

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Good morning everyone. If you live in Barcelona, happy Mercè. Hopefully you have the day off.

On Wordy Wednesday The Daily Vitamin focuses on English vocabulary. Today we are looking at California beach slang and the word BUM.

Meaning 1: A bum is used to refer to a homeless or lazy person.

Example 1:
I was a bum today. I stayed home and did nothing.

Example 2:
There were a lot of bums in this neighbourhood 10 years ago.

In California slang, BUM can be a verb that means "to borrow."

Example 3:
Hey, could I bum a dollar off of you?

Example 4:
Can I bum a ride to work tomorrow?

NOTE: in UK English, bum is also commonly used to refer to the buttocks!

For tomorrow's Theme Thursday lesson, we will discuss more idioms with FALL. Make sure to tune in for this lesson, and also check back next week for Wordy Wednesday.

I hope you have a nice day!