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Tuesday the 30th of April, 2013
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EMPLOY

LISTEN TO THE DAILY VITAMIN HERE:

Good morning!

Tomorrow is May Day, the first of May, here in Europe, which is a celebration of workers' rights. In recognition of this, we are going to explain four forms of the word EMPLOY. I recommend listening to the sound file to hear how the syllable stress changes depending on the word form.

TO EMPLOY (verb, active) --> to contract or hire someone to do a job.

Example 1:
Acme Corporation are employing qualified works for their new plant.

TO BE EMPLOYED (verb, passive) --> to have a job.

Example 2:
I'm employed as a part-time nurse at a private clinic. I work the weekend shift.

EMPLOYER (noun) --> a person or company that contracts or hires workers.

Example 3:
My first employer was very kind. He taught me a lot about how to do my job well.

EMPLOYEE (noun, person) --> a worker, a person who has a job.

Example 4:
The company has 250 employees at its Hungarian factory and a further 55 employees at the head office in Germany.

EMPLOYMENT (noun, state) --> the act of being employed; the situation in which people have work. The opposite is UNEMPLOYMENT, which means to NOT have a job.

Example 5:
The unemployment rates for Spanish youth are the highest in Europe. The government must introduce programmes to encourage employment for this population.

There won't be a Daily Vitamin tomorrow due to the May Day holiday, but we'll be back on Thursday.

Have a great day and a relaxing day tomorrow, if you are able to take a holiday!


Monday the 29th of April, 2013
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BOONDOCKS

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Good morning!

I hope you had a great weekend!

Today's word is: boondocks (This word is more commonly used in American English)

It means: to be far away from a populated place, with very few people or houses, usually in an isolated or rustic area. It has a disapproving tone.

Example 1:
He lives in the boondocks, at least 30 km away from the nearest house.

Example 2:
Marvin: Are you going to Lisa's party?
Kevin: No way! She lives way out in the boondocks. How would I get home? I don't drive!

A synonym of boondocks is in the sticks (used in both US and UK English).

Example 3:
She lives out in the sticks, so she gets very few visitors.

Enjoy your day!


Friday the 26th of April, 2013
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TO EXERCISE (EWV)

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Good morning!

La mayoría de los alumnos de inglés conocen el sustantivo EXERCISE (por ejemplo, "to do exercises" o "a difficult exercise"), pero también se utiliza mucho como forma verbal.

Today's verb is: TO EXERCISE
(El verbo de hoy es: hacer ejercicio)

It means: to do physical actions to keep your body fit and in shape.
(Significa: realizar ejercicio físico para mantener el cuerpo en forma.)

Example 1:
Stanley exercises three times a week. He goes jogging on Monday, he works out at the gym on Wednesday and he goes swimming on Friday.
(Stanley hace ejercicio tres veces por semana. El lunes hace footing, el miércoles se entrena en el gimnasio y el viernes va a nadar.)

Example 2:
Exercising is essential for good health, but nowadays most people spend their days sitting on a chair in front of a computer or a television.
(Hacer ejercicio es esencial para una buena salud, pero hoy en día la mayoría de la gente pasa los días en una silla delante de un ordenador o una televisión.)

Después de tanto hablar de exercising, creo que esta tarde iré al gimnasio o a hacer una larga caminata.

Si tienes alguna pregunta sobre el contenido de la Essential Weekly Vitamin de hoy, por favor escribe un comentario en la sección de la Daily Vitamin, clicando en el botón "Add a Comment".

Have a healthy day and an excellent weekend!


Thursday the 25th of April, 2013
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CUSHY

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Good morning!

Today's word is: cushy

It means: economically secure, easy and comfortable. We usually use it to refer to jobs or living situations that are easy or comfortable.

Example 1:
Martin has a very cushy job. He only works about 5 hours a day and he makes a lot of money.

Example 2:
Wow! ...you are able to live off your inheritance. In that beautiful apartment? How cushy is that?


Remember that tomorrow we present the Essential Weekly Vitamin for Spanish-speaking students of English.

Have a fantastic day!



Wednesday the 24th of April, 2013
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TO LIVE OFF

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Good morning!

Today's expression is: to live off someone/something

It means: to survive; to depend on someone or something for food and shelter.

Example 1:
Neil is living off his parents until he can find a job and move out.

Example 2:
In the past people lived off the land. They were able to produce food to eat and sell for all of their needs.

Example 3:
We can't live off one salary in our house. Both my wife and I have to work.

Have a pleasant day!