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Friday the 30th of March, 2012
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MESS-3 (EWV)

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Good morning again.

Hoy seguimos repasando expresiones con la palabra MESS.

Today's expression is: to mess around, to fool around or to mess about
(La expresión de hoy es: to mess around, to fool around o to mess about.)

Meaning 1
: to behave in a silly or annoying way, especially instead of doing something useful.
(Significado 1: comportarse de manera tonta o molesta, sobre todo cuando es en lugar de hacer algo útil.)

Example 1
:
Jack! Will you stop messing around and get back to work!
(¡Jack! ¡Deja de hacer tonterías y vuelve al trabajo!)

Meaning 2: to spend time doing something in a relaxed way, for pleasure.
(Significado 2: pasar el tiempo haciendo algo de manera relajada, para disfrutar.)

Example 2:
We spent the whole day messing about at home. We didn't do anything special, but it was relaxing.
(Pasamos todo el día haciendo el vago en casa. No hicimos nada especial, pero fue relajante.)

Si tienes alguna pregunta sobre el contenido de la Essential Weekly Vitamin de hoy, por favor escribe un comentario en la sección de la Daily Vitamin en nuestra web, clicando en el botón "Add a Comment".

I hope you have a nice day and a great weekend!


Thursday the 29th of March, 2012
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TRANSPORT VERBS (4): BOATS

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Good morning!

Today we present our last set of transport verbs by talking about sea travel; in other words, boats and ships. Boats can range from small row boats to enormous cruise ships, but many of them share the same vocabulary.

Today's verbs are related to: BOATS and SEA TRAVEL

EMBARK
--> to get on board a boat
DISEMBARK
--> to get off a boat
SET SAIL
--> when a boat leaves on a voyage
SAIL
--> to travel on a sailing boat
CRUISE
--> to travel on a ship or to take a cruise
ROW
--> to move a small boat (a row boat) with oars (remos)
ANCHOR
--> to secure a boat in one position by dropping an anchor (ancla) into the sea
MOOR
--> to "park" a boat in a port or harbour by tying it to the shore
SINK / BE SHIPWRECKED
--> when a boat fills with water and goes down to the bottom of the sea or it is destroyed at sea

Example Sentences
:
- There was a feeling of excitement when the passengers embarked on the transatlantic voyage from Southampton to New York.
- Please watch your step as you disembark down the gangway (pasarela).
- The sail boats participating in the race will set sail at 10 a.m.
- The ship cruises at a speed of 18 knots/hour when it is at high sea.
- My arms are getting tired of rowing. Can you take a turn, please?
- The captain anchored the cruise ship but it was too big to moor in the harbour so the passengers were taken to port by motorboat.
- It's a story about a sailing ship that sinks during a terrible storm. The surviving passengers are ship-wrecked on a small tropical island.

This concludes our review of transport verbs. If you have any questions on any of these vocabulary sets, please leave a comment on our website.

I hope you've found some inspiration for your next holiday! If you're taking a trip during Easter week, then 'Bon Voyage!' as we say in English (yes, we say it in French!).

Tomorrow we will finish up the week with our Essential Weekly Vitamin for Spanish-speaking students of English.

See you tomorrow!


Wednesday the 28th of March, 2012
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TRANSPORT VERBS (3): TRAINS

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Good morning!

Today's transport verb set will deal with trains and train travel. (If you missed the first two days of this week, you can look them up on our website to discover verbs related to driving and air travel.) Train travel may not be as popular now as it was in the past, but it still has a romantic association. Who can hear the words "Orient Express" without thinking of adventure and mystery?

Today's verbs are related to
: TRAINS and TRAIN TRAVEL

GET ON --> to enter or board the train
GET OFF --> to leave the train
TRANSFER --> to change from one train to another train
PUNCH a ticket --> to mark your ticket at the beginning of your journey (you can do this with a machine or the ticket inspector can do this)
TAKE your seat --> to sit down in your reserved seat
GIVE UP your seat --> to offer your seat to somebody else, perhaps an elderly or disabled person.
STOW your luggage --> to put your suitcases in a designated area of the train, perhaps an overhead rack.
BE DERAILED
--> when the train goes off the rails

Example Sentences
:
- Thousands of passengers get on and get off the trains every day at the Frankfurt Central Station. It's a major travel hub.
- There isn't a direct train to Bilbao. We have to transfer in Zaragoza.
- Here comes the ticket inspector. I hope you remembered to punch your ticket before boarding.
- There are no reservations on that train so you can take a seat wherever you like. However, there are some seats that are reserved for people with mobility problems so if you sit there, you may have to give up your seat if somebody else needs it.
- Excuse me, sir, but could you help me stow my luggage in the overhead compartment? My suitcase is too heavy for me to lift so high.
- The train was derailed but luckily nobody was seriously hurt in the accident.

We've now reviewed different verbs for planes, trains and automobiles. Tomorrow we will finish up with boats and ships.

Have a great day!


Tuesday the 27th of March, 2012
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TRANSPORT VERBS (2): AIRPLANES

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Good morning! Today we continue with verb sets related to different modes of transport.

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Today's verbs are related to
: AIRPLANES and FLYING

CHECK IN --> to register at the airport for the flight you are taking
BOARD --> to show your boarding card in order to get on the plane
GET ON
--> to enter the plane
GET OFF --> to exit the plane
EMBARK
--> to enter the plane (formal)
DISEMBARK
--> to exit the plane (formal)
FLY
--> to operate an airplane
TAKE OFF
--> what a plane does when it leaves the ground or airport
LAND
--> what a plane does when it arrives at an airport

Example Sentences:
- We have to check in at the TransCan Airways desk. Do you have your passport and ticket?
- We have to board at Gate 32. Come on, boarding starts in 10 minutes and Gate 32 is at the other end of the terminal!
- I'm afraid you can't get on the airplane with that suitcase, sir. It's too big.
- I don't understand why everybody stands up as soon as the airplane stops! Nobody will be able to get off until the door is opened.
- Flight AZ708 is now embarking at Gate 16. All passengers for Flight AZ708 please proceed to Gate 16.
- We will be disembarking through Gate 25. If you are catching another flight, please follow the directions to the Connecting Flights terminal.
- It takes great skill to fly a plane. You need many hours of training.
- The plane didn't take off at the scheduled time because of bad weather.
- The flight is due to land in 30 minutes. Please fasten your seatbelts.

Tomorrow we will continue with a new verb set related to transport.

Enjoy the rest of your day!


Monday the 26th of March, 2012
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TRANSPORT VERBS (1): CARS

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Good morning! I hope you had an enjoyable weekend.

Do you remember that we explained the verb to speed a few weeks ago? (If not, you can access that Daily Vitamin by going to March 8th, 2012). It's a verb related to driving a car. This week we are going to look at verb sets related to different modes of transport.

Today's verbs are related to: CARS and DRIVING

GET IN --> to enter a car
GET OUT OF --> to exit a car
START
--> to turn on the engine
BRAKE
--> to stop the car by putting your foot on the brake pedal
PULL OUT
--> to exit a parking space
PULL OVER
--> to move the car to the side of the road
REVERSE / BACK UP
--> to move the car backwards
PARK
--> to stop the car in a designated area
FASTEN/UNFASTEN
--> to put on / take off your seatbelt

Example Dialogue:
Driving Teacher (DT): Are you ready for your lesson, Carey? Time to get in the car. Remember to fasten your seatbelt.
Carey: Okay... I'm starting the car... I'm looking both ways... I'm pulling out of the parking lot. How am I doing?
DT: Fine, keep going. Remember to brake at the corner. Then continue to the end of the street. Today we're going to practice how to park. All right, do you see that space? I want you to pull over. Then you will reverse slowly into the parking space.
Carey: What? You want me to back into the space? That's difficult! How will I see what I'm doing?
DT: Check the mirrors. If necessary, you can unfasten your seatbelt while you are parking so that you can turn around. Go slowly, slowly... BRAKE! Now adjust and continue.
Carey: Okay... how did I do?
DT: Not bad for your first time. Let's try again. Pull out and we'll continue.

You can see how we have used the verbs related to cars and driving in this dialogue to demonstrate their meaning. However, if you have any questions or comments, please leave us a comment in the Daily Vitamin section on our web page.

Have a nice day!