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Friday the 30th of April, 2010
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BRITISH vs. AMERICAN-3

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Good morning once again.

Hoy acabamos el repaso a las principales diferencias ortográficas entre el inglés estándar americano (US) y el británico (UK).

Muchos verbos que acaban con una -l en inglés británico acaban con doble -ll en inglés americano.

Fulfil (UK) vs. fulfill (US)
Enrol (UK) vs. Enroll (US)
Appal (UK) vs. Appall (US)

Cuando añades un sufijo al final de una palabra, por ejemplo -ing, -ed o -er, la consonante final se dobla en inglés británico pero no siempre en el inglés americano.

Cancel --> Cancelled (UK) vs. Canceled (US)
Model --> Modelling (UK) vs. Modeling (US)
Worship --> Worshipper (UK) vs. Worshiper (US)

Las palabras inglesas de origen griego que tienen la combinación oe- o ae- en inglés británico tienen e- o a-, respectivamente, en inglés americano.

Anaemia (UK) vs. Anemia (US)
Manoeuvre (UK) vs. Maneuver (US)
Gynaecology (UK) vs. Gynecology (US)

Hay muchas palabras que se deletrean de una manera diferente en cada unos de estos dialectos estándares, pero que no siguen el patrón de ninguna de las categorías que hemos presentado hasta ahora. They must be memorized.

Mum (UK) vs. Mom (US)
Cheque (UK) vs. Check (US)
Aeroplane (UK) vs. Airplane (US)
Catsup (UK) vs. Ketchup (US)
Tyre (UK) vs. Tire (US)
Programme (UK) vs. Program (US)
Etc.

Finalmente, hay una diferencia en cómo se utilizan los puntos en las abreviaciones: en el inglés americano se utiliza el punto y en el inglés británico no.

Mr (UK) vs. Mr. (US)
US (UK) vs. U.S. (US)
UK (UK) vs. U.K. (US)

Hay que tener en cuenta que debido al predominio del inglés americano en el cine y en internet, muchas de estas diferencias están desapareciendo poco a poco, ya que los jóvenes británicos están en contacto constante con la ortografía del inglés americano. Lo que está surgiendo de este contacto es una especie de inglés "internacional" que incluye los dos sistemas de ortografía.

Si tienes alguna pregunta sobre el contenido de la Essential Weekly Vitamin de hoy, por favor pon un comentario en la sección de la Daily Vitamin en nuestra web (www.ziggurat.es), clicando en el botón "Add a Comment".

I hope you have a nice day and a great weekend!



Thursday the 29th of April, 2010
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EXPRESSIONS WITH HAVE-4

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Hello again everyone. Today we finish our review of some expressions with the verb have in them 

Today's expression is: To have something against someone/something

Meaning: to dislike someone or something for a specific reason.

Example 1:
What do you have against John? He has always been fair with you and has been a great boss.

Example 2:
He says he doesn't have anything against immigrants, but he is constantly criticizing them.

Remember that tomorrow we will send the Essential Weekly Vitamin for Spanish-speaking students of English.

I'll see you tomorrow.



Wednesday the 28th of April, 2010
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EXPRESSIONS WITH HAVE-3

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Hello again everyone. Today we continue our look at expressions with the verb have.

Today's expression is: To have something back

Meaning: to receive something that somebody has borrowed or taken from you.

Example 1:
The police officer let me have my license back, after he gave me a speeding ticket.

Example 2:
You can have your files back, after we've checked them.

If you have any questions about today's Daily Vitamin, please post your comments by clicking on the "Add a Comment" button in the Daily Vitamin section on our website (www.ziggurat.es).

I hope you have a nice day.



Tuesday the 27th of April, 2010
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EXPRESSIONS WITH HAVE-2

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Good morning everyone. Today we continue our look at expressions with the verb have.

Today's expression is: To have somebody on (informal)

Meaning: to try to make somebody believe something that is not true, usually as a joke.

Example 1:
You didn't really tell her that you're single did you? You're having me on, aren't you? What will she say when she finds out that you have a wife and two children?

Example 2:
I don't believe anything he says. He's constantly having me on.

If you have any questions about today's Daily Vitamin, please post your comments by clicking on the "Add a Comment" button in the Daily Vitamin section on our website (www.ziggurat.es).

Enjoy the rest of your day!



Monday the 26th of April, 2010
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EXPRESSIONS WITH HAVE-1

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Good morning everyone. I hope you had a nice weekend.

Back in 2004 we created a few Daily Vitamins about expressions with the verb have. This week we are going to look at a few more. Specifically, we will look at these expressions:

-To have something on
-To have somebody on (informal)
-To have something back
-To have something against someone / something

Today's expression is: To have something on

This expression is used in three different contexts.

Meaning 1: to be wearing something.

Example 1:
She walked out on the terrace and she had nothing on. She was completely naked!

Meaning 2: to leave a piece of equipment working.

Example 2:
He has his computer on all day, but he has hardly done any work. What a waste of electricity!

Meaning 3: to have arranged to do something.

Example 3:
I have a lot on this week, so I won't be able to meet with you until next week. Is that okay?

If you have any questions about today's Daily Vitamin, please post your comments by clicking on the "Add a Comment" button in the Daily Vitamin section on our website (www.ziggurat.es).

Have a great day!