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Wednesday the 28th of February, 2007
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TAKE IT (THAT)...

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Good morning.

Today's expression is: TAKE IT (THAT)...

It means: to suppose or to assume that something is true.

Example 1:
Based on the way you are acting with me, I take it that you are upset.

Example 2:
Scott: I have to work until 11:00 tonight.
Mark: Then I take it you won't be coming to the party.
Scott: No...I can't. I'm sorry.

This expression is generally used in spoken English, and is quite common.

Please post any questions about today's Daily Vitamin in the Daily Vitamin Plus! forum section on our website.

Have a nice day.



Tuesday the 27th of February, 2007
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HALF-BROTHER/SISTER

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Good morning.

Today we continue with the theme of family names. We've talked about In-laws (the family of your husband or wife) and stepfamily (the family that becomes yours through the marriage of your parents).

Today's words are: half-brother and half-sister

Meaning: a person's half-sister is the girl or woman who has either the same mother or father as you. A person's half-brother is a boy or man with either the same mother or father as you.

It is possible to have both half-brothers and half-sisters and stepbrothers and stepsisters in the same family.

Example:
Scott's mother, Janet, was divorced and remarried. Her second husband, Alex, is Scott's stepfather. Alex has a son named Mark. Scott and Mark are stepbrothers.  Janet and Alex have just had a baby daughter, Lisa. Lisa is Scott and Mark's half-sister and Mark and Scott are Lisa's half-brothers.

Scott and Mark are only related to each other by marriage, but Lisa is "half-related" to both Scott and Mark (Scott by way of his mother and Mark by way of his father).

Please post any questions about today's Daily Vitamin in the Daily Vitamin Plus! forum section on our website. If you have any questions about how to use the Daily Vitamin Plus! section or would like to receive a Daily Vitamin Plus! manual, please contact us.

Have an excellent day!



Monday the 26th of February, 2007
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STEP-FAMILY

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Good morning Daily Vitamin subscribers. I hope everyone had a relaxing weekend.

Last Friday Maria Navarro posted a very interesting question in the forum for the Daily Vitamin about In-laws.

Today's DV reminds me of another word that could be interesting to review: Step, I mean as stepmother or stepfather, etc...... thanks, Maria Navarro

Today's word is the prefix: STEP-

Meaning: this prefix is added to family-name nouns to show a relationship through a second or later marriage.

Example 1:
When I was five, my mother and father were divorced. My mother was married a second time to a man with three children. Now I have a stepfather and three stepbrothers.

Example 2:
After my parents' divorce, my father remarried. His new wife, my new stepmother, has a daughter. Now I have a new stepsister.

Example 3:
My stepfather now has five stepchildren (two stepsons and three stepdaughters).

Those people who become your family through the marriage of your parents, are stepfamily. This prefex is expressed in Spanish with the ending -astro/a.

Example 3 (in Spanish):
Ahora mi padrastro tiene cinco hijastros (dos hijastros y tres hijastras).

If you have any questions about these family names, please post them in the Daily Vitamin Plus! forum section on our website. Thank you very much, Maria, for your participation.  

I hope all of you have a peaceful day.



Friday the 23rd of February, 2007
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IN-LAWS (REVISION)

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Good morning. Today's Daily Vitamin was originally sent in December of 2003.

Do you know what the relation between you and the brother of your wife or husband is in English? How about the parents of your wife or husband? These family terms are actually very easy in English.

People who become your family by marriage are referred to as in-laws. To create these family terms, all you have to do is add in-law after the normal family names. Consider the following equivalents:

The sister of your husband or wife: sister-in-law
The brother of your husband or wife: brother-in-law
The mother of your husband or wife: mother-in-law
The father of your husband or wife: father-in-law
Etc.

And do you know what your mother-in-law or father-in-law calls you? That's right, their son-in-law or daughter-in-law.

The term in-laws is often used alone to refer to your 'suegros' ('sogres' in Catalan).

Example 1:
Tonight my in-laws are coming for dinner; I have to get home to prepare things!

If you have any questions about these family names, please post them in the Daily Vitamin Plus! forum section on our website.

I hope you have a great day and an excellent weekend!



Thursday the 22nd of February, 2007
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CHICKENS COME TO ROOST

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Good morning.

Some time ago Pilar Naranjo, one of our loyal Daily Vitamin and Daily Vitamin Plus! subscribers, asked us the following question:

Hello Matt!
Could you explain the expression "somebody's chickens have come home to roost" I have read "somebody's bad action in the past causes problems now" but I haven't understood the meaning...Thank you!

Today’s expression is: the chickens come home to roost

Meaning: used to say that if somebody says or does something bad or wrong, it will affect them negatively in the future.

So, Pilar, you were correct! When the chickens come home to roost, someone’s bad action in the past is becoming clear now, or is causing bad things to happen now.

Example 1:
The way our market is trading now shows it's based mostly on perception - in other words, on what people think might happen. But when the chickens come home to roost - when investors find that the hard facts don't match their expectations - then you start running into problems. (From the Sunday Times)

Example 2:
In today's world, many of our day-to-day activities are polluting the planet. When the chickens come home to roost, however, we may be sorry that we continued with those activities.

Please post any questions about today's Daily Vitamin in the Daily Vitamin Plus! forum section on our website. If you have any questions about how to use the Daily Vitamin Plus! section or would like to receive a Daily Vitamin Plus! manual, please contact us.

I hope you enjoy your day.