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Friday the 30th of September, 2005
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RECYCLING ORDINAL NUMBERS...AGAIN

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Good morning, We have sent this Daily Vitamin twice before, but we feel it might be good to recycle it again, since we have been hearing lots of errors with ordinal numbers lately. ;-) Enjoy it! --------------------------------------------------------------- Numbers are one of the most difficult things about learning a foreign language. Even very advanced students of English often have trouble with numbers like 1,568 (one thousand five hundred and sixty-eight) or 113,486 (one hundred and thirteen thousand four hundred and eighty-six). However, if you know these normal cardinal numbers, the ordinal numbers are easy. First (1st) Second (2nd) Third (3rd) Fourth (4th) Fifth (5th) Sixth (6th) Seventh (7th) Eighth (8th) Ninth (9th) Tenth (10th) Eleventh (11th) Twelfth (12th) Thirteenth (13th) Etc. After 'third' (3rd) we just need to add 'th' to the cardinal number (sometimes with spelling changes), except when it is the 'first', 'second' or 'third' of a larger number: 31st (thirty-first) 32nd (thirty-second) 103rd (one hundred and third) BUT 34th (thirty-fourth) 55th (fifty-fifth) 1,568th (one thousand five hundred and sixty-eighth) 113,486th (one hundred and thirteen thousand four hundred and eighty-sixth). If you have any questions about ordinal numbers, please don't hesitate to contact us. Enjoy the rest of your day!



Thursday the 29th of September, 2005
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GIVING ADVICE (2)

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Good morning. Yesterday we talked about the modal verb should. We use it to give advice or to give our opinion about what to do in a particular situation. We can express this same idea with another structure: OUGHT TO The verb ought to is also used when we want to indicate that something is a good thing or a bad thing to do. It means the same as should but BE CAREFUL! When we use should we do not include the word to. However, we must use to after the verb ought. Example 1: That company ought to give better customer service. If they don't, they are going to lose clients. Example 2: You really ought to tidy your desk. It's a terrible mess. I don't know how you can find anything! Ought to is not usually used in the negative form. However, when it is, the form is ought + not + to + verb. The contraction oughtn't to is not often used. Example 3: You ought not to bother your father while he is working. You ought to contact us if the explanation in today's Daily Vitamin is not clear. Enjoy the rest of your day!



Wednesday the 28th of September, 2005
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GIVING ADVICE (1)

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Good morning. This week we have looked at the words to advise and advice. Starting today we look at examples of different grammatical structures we can use to give advice. SHOULD We use the modal verb should when we want to indicate that something is a good thing or a bad thing to do. We often use it together with the expression think. Example 1: I think you should accept the job. You should accept the job. We can also use these verbs in the negative form: Example 2: I don't think you should accept the job. You shouldn't accept the job. Should is not as strong as must or have to. Example 3: You have to accept the job. (obligation) So, we use should to talk about what is the right or wrong thing to do in a certain situation. Example 4: When you're in a library you shouldn't speak loudly. Example 5: If you would like to be rich, you should read the book "Rich Dad Poor Dad," by Robert Kiyosaki. As you can see, should can be used to give advice. In example 4 we are indicating a social or societal norm, but in example 5 we are really giving advice, which is one of the most common uses of should. If you have any questions about today's Daily Vitamin, you should contact us. Enjoy the rest of your day!



Tuesday the 27th of September, 2005
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ADVICE

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Good morning. Yesterday we learned about the verb to advise. It means to give your opinion about the best thing to do in a certain situation. Today we are going to look at the noun form of this word. Today's word is: advice It means: suggestions about what you think a person should do or how a person should act in a situation. Advice is a non-countable noun. This means that it is not used in the plural form. Advice is often used in combination with the verbs to give and to take. Example 1 Can I give you some advice? You should get your hair cut before the job interview. Example 2 If you are not going to take my advice about how to organize the work, then why did you ask for my opinion in the first place? Remember that there is a pronunciation difference between advise and advice. You can listen to this difference if you are a Daily Vitamin Plus subscriber. If you have questions about today's word, take our advice and contact us. Enjoy your day!



Monday the 26th of September, 2005
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ADVISE

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Good morning. I hope you had a nice weekend, a long weekend for some of you. This week we are going to explain words for giving advice*. We will begin by recycling a Vitamin from 2004: to advise*. The meaning of the English verb advise has nothing to do with the similar looking Spanish word avisar. * You can listen to the difference in pronunciation of these two words if you are a Daily Vitamin Plus subscriber. Advise means: to give your opinion about the best thing to do in a certain situation. Example 1 My broker advised me to buy shares in a mutual fund. Example 2 Nancy's docter advised her to stop smoking. Example 3 Matthew advised me to stay in contact with English in the summer. This verb, then, is the equivalent of "aconsejar" in Spanish. It does not mean "avisar." Do you know how to say "avisar" in English? The answer is after my Signature. If you have questions about today's verb, I advise you to contact us. Have a great day!