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Monday the 22nd of October, 2018
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OFTEN CONFUSED WORDS (POURED/PORED)

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Welcome back to the Daily Vitamin, everyone! I hope your weekend was relaxing. 

This week, we are concentrating on words that are often confused in English. We are presenting words that are very similar, which is why they are often confused. Sometimes the words sound the same; sometimes they are spelled similarly but are pronounced differently and have different meanings.

Today's words are POURED and PORED. These words are pronounced the same, but they are spelled differently and have different meanings. 

Definition of POURED: This is the past tense of POUR, a verb which means to make a substance flow from a container, especially into another container, by raising just one side of the container that the substance is in.

Example 1: She poured the wine into five glasses. 

Example 2: After five minutes, I poured the tea into the cups.  

Definition of PORED: This is also a past tense, this time of the verb PORE, which means to look at and study a book, a document, etc. very carefully. 

Example 3: He pored over the photo albums, looking for photos of his grandparents when they were young. 

Example 4: When I was young, I spent a lot of time poring over statistics of my favourite sport stars.

I hope the difference in meanings is clear. We will see you tomorrow for a lesson about ALL TOGETHER and ALTOGETHER.



Friday the 19th of October, 2018
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VERB + PREPOSITION (CONCENTRATE)

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Hello everyone and welcome to our Friday lesson!

As you know, this week we have focused on Verb + Preposition Combinations. We are finishing the week with CONCENTRATE ON

Definition: To focus energy or thoughts on something. 

Example 1: Last year, I worked on improving my English vocabulary. Now, I am concentrating on improving my pronunciation. 

Example 2: I was concentrating on my daughter while she was swimming and I didn't see my friend arrive at the pool. 

Example 3: At work, we are concentrating on improving sales and customer service. 

Example 4: I can't concentrate on my book because of all the construction. 

That concludes this week's lessons. As always, thank you for reading, and have a wonderful weekend!



Thursday the 18th of October, 2018
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VERB + PREPOSITION (OBJECT)

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Welcome to the fourth day of our Verb + Preposition Combinations week! Today we are looking at the combination OBJECT TO

Definition: To not agree with. 

Example 1: I objected to paying extra for car rental insurance. We already have insurance that covers rental cars. 

Example 2: She objected to marrying him because her parents didn't like him. 

Example 3: Why did you object to my mom paying for dinner? She likes to treat us!

Note the pronunciation of the verb object: we pronounce this obJECT and not OBject. An OBject is a noun ("a thing that you can see or touch") and obJECT is a verb.

I wanted to make one other important point. At times the line between a verb + preposition and a phrasal verb (verb + adverbial particle) is very thin. Some of these verb + preposition combinations could be considered phrasal verbs, or what some call prepositional verbs. Don't worry too much about these grammatical classifications; the important thing is to learn to use these verbs correctly. If you are interested, you can read a short summary about these categories at the Cambridge online Dictionary (see the following link):

https://dictionary.cambridge.org/es/gramatica/gramatica-britanica/about-verbs/verbs-multi-word-verbs

That's all for today. Thank you for reading!



Wednesday the 17th of October, 2018
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VERB + PREPOSITION (SPEND)

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Happy Wednesday, everyone!

Before starting, I wanted to let you know that I will be doing a free webinar (an online class) about how to improve your English pronunciation. The webinar is Today, October 17th at 14:15. You can register for the class at the following link:

https://zoom.us/meeting/register/a451d63b2bb06e0fdc2040ba88984b7b

As you probably know, this week we are learning Verb + Preposition Combinations. Today's combination is SPEND ON

Definition: To put time or money or effort into something. 

Example 1: I spend a lot of money on travel, but it's worth it. 

Example 2: What did you spend your birthday money on?

Example 3: I spent my bonus paycheque on a new sofa. 

Example 4: I spent a lot of time on this project. 

That's it for today. I hope you don't spend too much time on unnecessary projects today!



Tuesday the 16th of October, 2018
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VERB + PREPOSITION (DIVIDE)

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Welcome back to the Daily Vitamin, everyone!

This week, we are focusing on Verb + Preposition Combinations, and today we are looking at the word DIVIDE. We use the combination DIVIDE + INTO.

Example 1: They divided us into two teams. 

Example 2: She divided the pie into even pieces. 

Example 3: We divide the year into 12 months. 

That's all for today. We will see you tomorrow for a lesson about the word SPEND.

Have a great day!