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Monday the 30th of November, 2015
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MISSING MONDAY: SENTENCE SHUFFLE

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Welcome to Missing Monday and to our last post of November! I hope that everyone had a wonderful weekend. 

Today we are doing a Sentence Shuffle. Can you arrange the words to make a complete, coherent sentence? 

WHICH BASED WAS THAT IS BOOK ON THE MOVIE THE

Hint: there are actually TWO possible correct sentences. 

Here is another hint to help you: if you look back to a VERY recent Daily Vitamin post about Relative Clauses, you might get a little more help. 

Post your answer on our Facebook Page and we will give the correct answer later. 

https://www.facebook.com/ZigguratLanguageServices

Thanks for participating, and good luck to you!


Friday the 27th of November, 2015
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PHRASAL VERB FRIDAY: 'SCREW UP'

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Welcome back, everyone, and welcome to the last post of the week for the Daily Vitamin! Today's Phrasal Verb Friday focuses on the phrase TO SCREW (SOMETHING) UP

Definition: to make a mistake. 

Example 1
: I tried to bake a cake but I really screwed it up!

Example 2: The hotel screwed up our reservations and we had to find new accommodation.

Example 3: His life is a disaster. I think he just screws up a lot... at work, with his family; it's really quite sad.

This phrasal verb can be INTRANSITIVE or TRANSITIVE, and it is SEPARABLE.

That's all for this week! Thanks for reading, and have a wonderful weekend!


Thursday the 26th of November, 2015
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THEME THURSDAY: IDIOMS ABOUT FOOD (BAD EGG)

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Welcome back to the Daily Vitamin, everyone! Theme Thursday for November is all about IDIOMS WITH FOOD, and today we are looking at the term BAD EGG

Definition: a person who is bad, dishonest, or unreliable. 

Example 1
: I love my job. My employees are incredible and we have no bad eggs in the office. 

Example 2: My first day of class, I always try to see if there is a bad egg in the group. They are difficult to spot sometimes. 

Hopefully there are no bad eggs in your office or school!

That's all for today. Thanks for reading!


Wednesday the 25th of November, 2015
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WORDY WEDNESDAY: 'TIE' FOR SPORTS

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Happy Wednesday, everyone! Today we are looking at a term that is helpful when talking about sports. It's the word TIE

Definition (noun)
: when the score is the same at the end of a game. 

Definition (verb): to score the same as your opponent(s). 

Example 1: Last night's game ended in a tie

Example 2: The score is tied 2-2.

Example 3: We tied for first place.

We often use the expression TO END IN A TIE, as in Example 1.

That's all for today. Thanks for reading! We will see you tomorrow for Theme Thursday and another idiom about food. 


Tuesday the 24th of November, 2015
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TENSE TUESDAY: PREPOSITIONS IN RELATIVE CLAUSES

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Welcome to Tense Tuesday, everyone! Are you ready for a little grammar?

Today we are looking at PREPOSITIONS IN RELATIVE CLAUSES. Relative Clauses begin with a relative pronoun (for example, the words THAT, WHICH or WHO) and give us more information about the noun in a sentence

Example 1: Jim is the guy who sold me the tickets to the concert

Example 2: This is the building that we lived in when I was a child

Example 3: This is the city which the movie was based on.

In Example 3, the sentence ends with a preposition. In spoken English, this is OK, but in very formal English it is better not to end a sentence with a preposition, if possible. Instead, we can change the sentence to something like this: 

Example 4 (formal): This is the book on which the movie was based. 

Let's look at another. 

Example 5
: This is the material which the dress is made from

Example 6 (formal): This is the material from which the dress is made. 

There is one important thing to remember: WHOM is the relative clause that represents a noun Object of a sentence. Consider example 7 below. 

Example 7: She is the person whom the dress was made for.

In this case, PERSON (= SHE) is the object of the verb MAKE ("the dress was made for her"). However, WHO is often used instead of WHOM, especially in conversation.

Example 8: She is the person who the dress was made for.

But remember that if we move the preposition directly before the relative clause (preposition/relative pronoun switch), then we must use WHOM.

Example 9: She is the person for whom the dress was made. 

That's all for today! You are, as always, the readers for whom these Daily Vitamin posts are written. I hope you enjoy them.