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Monday the 16th of March, 2015
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MISSING MONDAY: _____ MY PICTURE

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Hello everyone, and welcome to the first Daily Vitamin of the week. I hope everyone had a great weekend!

For today's Missing Monday, we are looking at a collocation that is commonly confused by English learners. Do you know the missing word in the sentence below?

Example 1: Can you please _____ my picture? 

What do you think is the correct answer? Give us your best guess on our Facebook page. We will post the correct answer later today.

https://www.facebook.com/ZigguratEnglishServ 

That's all for today's lesson. See you tomorrow for a lesson on the Present Perfect and lyrics from a great, classic song by Queen. Until then, have a great day!


Friday the 13th of March, 2015
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PHRASAL VERB FRIDAY: 'BREAK FREE'

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Hello everyone, and welcome to the Daily Vitamin! Did you know that today is Friday the 13th? I'm not superstitious, but it's always a funny date to note. 

For today's Phrasal Verb Friday, we are looking at the term TO BREAK FREE

Definition: to get away from the literal or figurative hold that something has on you. 

Example 1: The dog was tied to the fence, but he broke free

This phrasal verb can be TRANSITIVE or INTRANSITIVE. When we use it as a TRANSITIVE phrasal verb, we use BREAK FREE OF or BREAK FREE FROM something.

Example 2: After she broke free of the relationship, she was much happier. 

Example 3: He broke free from the contract and found a new job. 

The phrasal verb can be SEPARATED, but the object between BREAK and FREE must be a reflexive pronoun, since the subject always breaks itself free of something. 

Example 4: He broke himself free from the terrible relationship. 

Example 5: She broke herself free from cigarettes.

If you want to see some more examples with this phrasal verb, you might want to listen to this famous Queen song, "I want to break free."

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1PejDrgF7oM

That's all for today. I hope you can break yourself free from work soon and enjoy the weekend. As always, thanks for reading! See you on Monday. 


Thursday the 12th of March, 2015
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THEME THURSDAY: PHRASAL VERBS AS NOUNS (TAKEOFF)

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Hello everyone, and welcome back! I hope your week is going well. 

For the month of March, our Theme Thursday focuses on Phrasal Verbs that can also be nouns. Last week we looked at the word BREAKTHROUGH. Today we are looking at the word TAKEOFF

We looked at the phrasal verb TO TAKE OFF in November. It means "to leave" or "to remove/subtract." Click on the link below to review that lesson:

http://www.ziggurat.es/es/lecciones_ingles/index.asp?id=2454

As a noun, the meaning is slightly more specific

Definition: the moment when an airplane/helicopter leaves the ground. 

Example 1: After takeoff, the flight was a little bumpy. 

Example 2: They served drinks about 10 minutes after takeoff

That's all for today. As always, thanks for reading! We will see you tomorrow for a lesson on the phrasal verb TO BREAK FREE. Until then, have a great day!


Wednesday the 11th of March, 2015
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WORDY WEDNESDAY: 'STRANDED'

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Welcome back to the Daily Vitamin, everyone! I hope that you are having a nice week. 

For today's Wordy Wednesday, we are looking at the word STRANDED

Definition: to be left, usually in a difficult situation.

Example 1: My flight was cancelled and now I am stranded at the airport. 

Example 2: My mom forgot to pick me up from school and I'm stranded here, waiting. 

Have you ever been stranded? For how long? Tell us about it on our Facebook page

https://www.facebook.com/ZigguratEnglishServ

That's all for today. Have a great Wednesday!


Tuesday the 10th of March, 2015
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TENSE TUESDAY: THE SIMPLE PASSIVE

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Welcome back, everyone! For today's Tense Tuesday, we are looking at the PASSIVE VOICE. 

Sentences in English can have two "voices": the ACTIVE or the PASSIVE. The ACTIVE sentences use the subject + verb + object order. 

Example 1: John washes the windows

The PASSIVE switches the order of the subject and object and uses BE + PAST PARTICIPLE. 

Example 2: The windows are washed by John. 

We can do this with any of the English tenses, but today we are only looking at how to make the PASSIVE with the SIMPLE PRESENT. The form for the SIMPLE PRESENT is AM/IS/ARE + PAST PARTICIPLE. Here are some more examples:

Example 3
: The students are taught by Tanya. 

Example 4: The dog is trained by its owner. 

As you can see, the sentence is often completed with the words BY + PERSON/THING. This is called the AGENT. Sometimes, we do not know who or what the agent is, so we do not use it. 

Example 5: Cars are stolen every day in Barcelona.

Here, we do not know (or care) who stole the car, so we do not include the agent. 

That's all for today. Join us tomorrow for Wordy Wednesday!