Saturday the 20th of July, 2019
Català | 
English | 
Ziggurat Escuela Corporativa de Idiomas

Vuestro aprendizaje, nuestro éxito

Innovative English Training

Ziggurat RSS
Friday the 15th of June, 2012
Rating (0 votes)

SORT-5 (EWV)

LISTEN TO THE DAILY VITAMIN HERE:

Hello everyone.

Hoy seguimos con nuestro estudio de la palabra SORT, con otra nueva expresión.

Today's expression is: to sort something out (from something)
(La expresión de hoy es: to sort something out (from something))

Meaning: to separate something from a larger group.
(Significado: separar algo de un grupo de cosas.)

Example 1:
David...could you please sort out the toys that can be thrown away?
(David... ¿puedes, por favor, separar los juguetes que se pueden tirar?)

Example 2:
When politicians speak, it's difficult to sort out the lies from the truths.
(Cuando hablan los políticos, es difícil separar las mentiras de las verdades.)

Si tienes alguna pregunta sobre el contenido de la Essential Weekly Vitamin de hoy, por favor escribe un comentario en la sección de la Daily Vitamin en nuestra web, clicando en el botón "Add a Comment".

I hope you have a nice day and a great weekend!


Thursday the 14th of June, 2012
Rating (0 votes)

BECAUSE vs. BECAUSE OF

LISTEN TO THE DAILY VITAMIN HERE:

Good morning,

Today we look at the difference between BECAUSE and BECAUSE OF. Both have the same meaning, but their sentence structures are different.

Meaning of BECAUSE: to give a reason for something. It is followed by a clause (subject + verb).

Meaning of BECAUSE OF
: to give a reason for something. OF is followed by a gerund or a noun.

Example 1:
I had to sit down and rest because I have arthritis. (+ clause)
I had to sit down and rest because of my arthritis. (+ noun)

Example 2:
He became deaf because he was always listening to loud music with earphones. (+ clause)
He became deaf because of listening to loud music with earphones. (+ gerund)

Example 3:
You're going to get into trouble because you have a bad attitude! (+ clause)
You're going to get into trouble because of your bad attitude! (+ noun)

Remember that tomorrow we present the Essential Weekly Vitamin for Spanish-speaking students of English.

Have a pleasant day!


Wednesday the 13th of June, 2012
Rating (0 votes)

FOR vs. SINCE

LISTEN TO THE DAILY VITAMIN HERE:

Good morning,

Today we look at the difference between two commonly confused words, FOR and SINCE.

Meaning of FOR: to refer to a period of time (a minute, an hour, part of a day, a day, a week, a month, a year, etc.)

Meaning of SINCE: to refer to a specific moment in the past when an action began, and which continues until the present.

Example 1:
I have only been renting this flat for two months.
I have only been renting this flat since April.

Example 2:
He's been talking on the phone for half an hour.
He's been talking on the phone since half past two.

Example 3:
They've had that car since their first child was born.
They've had that car for eight years.

Example 4:
We've been writing Daily Vitamins for nine years!
We've been writing Daily Vitamins since 2003!

Can you see how the time reference changes depending on whether we use for or since? Once again, for is used to show the period of time and since refers to the starting point of the time period.

Have a great day!


Tuesday the 12th of June, 2012
Rating (0 votes)

SOME or ANY?

LISTEN TO THE DAILY VITAMIN HERE:

Good morning,

Today we will look at another reader question, this time from Rita M. She wrote,

"In the Daily Vitamin from the 10th of May you use examples with so many, so much. In one example you write: 'There are so many tomatoes growing in my garden this year. Would you like to have some?'. Please, can you explain why you use some and not any in this case?"

Rita makes an excellent observation; she's correct...we usually use some for affirmative sentences and any for negative sentences and questions. But the example above is a question and we have used some! Why is this?

In this case, we are referring to a known quantity of something (i.e. tomatoes). We are offering something concrete. So, we use some, not any. In fact, we can use some whenever we want to offer something (an unspecified amount).

Would you like some coffee? (= I can offer you coffee because I have some in my kitchen.)

If we do not know if something exists, then we use any in the question:

Is there any coffee? (= I don't know if there is coffee.)
Have you got any coffee (= I don't know if you have coffee.)

Let's look at some more examples:

Example 1:
Mrs. Heddle: I've just baked a cake. Would you like some?
Mrs. Birch: Oh yes, thank you! That would be lovely! Have you got any tea?
Mrs. Heddle: I'm afraid not, but I do have coffee. Would you like some coffee?

Example 2:
Arnie: I have an extra box of pens but I only need a few of them. Do you want some?
Brett: I'll take two or three. Thanks, Arnie!

As you can see, we use some in questions when we are offering something.

Have a nice day!


Monday the 11th of June, 2012
Rating (0 votes)

YA QUE

LISTEN TO THE DAILY VITAMIN HERE:

Good morning,

I hope you had a great weekend! Today we are going to answer the following question that we received from one of our Daily Vitamin readers:

"Cuando en español dices 'ya que', en inglés puedes usar 'as' y 'since', pero no sé si siempre se puede usar los dos conectores indistintamente."

Meaning: The reader is correct. As and since are both used as connectors to indicate reason; both words are synonyms of because. Because is the most frequent of the three but as and since are also quite common. (Note: As and Since have other meanings, too. We'll cover that in a later Daily Vitamin.)

Example 1:
I'm going to call a taxi because / as / since I'm running late.

Example 2:
Because / As / Since she speaks fluent French, she was asked to show the visitors around the city.

Example 3:
He wrote to us because / as / since he had a question about the grammar.

I hope this helps to clarify the meaning of 'ya que', but if you have doubts or questions please leave us a comment in the Daily Vitamin section on our website.

Enjoy the rest of your day!