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Friday the 29th of May, 2009
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DIALECTOS DEL INGLÉS (UK vs. US)-4

LISTEN TO THE DAILY VITAMIN HERE:

Good morning.

En las próximas Essential Weekly Vitamins estudiaremos las diferencias gramaticales entre el inglés estándar de EEUU y el del Reino Unido. No podremos repasar todas, por tanto, destacaremos las que consideramos más interesantes. Del mismo modo que ocurre con las diferencias entre ambos dialectos en el deletreo, las diferencias gramaticales son mínimas, por lo que es muy difícil que causen una falta de comunicación.

Diferencias entre algunos verbos irregulares en el pasado simple en ambos dialectos.

Spelt (UK) vs. Spelled (US) --> deletreado
Learnt (UK) vs. Learned (US) --> aprendido
Leant (UK) vs. Leaned (US) --> apoyado

El participio del pasado de get en el inglés estadounidense es gotten o got, mientras que en en inglés británico es got.

His tennis has gotten much better. (US)
His tennis has got much better. (UK)
(Su tenis ha mejorado mucho.)

I've gotten to know him over the years. (US)
I've got to know him over the years. (UK)
(He podido conocerle a lo largo de los años.)

A veces, en el inglés de EEUU, el present perfect y el pasado simple pueden intercambiarse; sin embargo, en el inglés del Reino Unido se suele usar sólo el present perfect.

US:
I'm not hungry. I've just had breakfast.
OR
I'm not hungry. I just had breakfast.

UK:
I'm not hungry. I've just had breakfast.

(No tengo hambre. Acabo de desayunar.)

**********
US:
I've never seen this man in my life.
OR
I never saw this man in my life.

UK:
I've never seen this man in my life.

(En mi vida he visto a este hombre.)

Diferencias en los usos de los verbos take, make and have.

US:
I'm going to take a shower.
OR
I'm going to have a shower.

UK:
I'm going to have a shower.

(Me voy a duchar.)

US:
We must make a decision before midnight.

UK:
We must take a decision before midnight.

(Tenemos que tomar una decisión antes de medianoche.)

De nuevo, ninguna de estas diferencias causa falta de comunicación, pero a veces sorprenden a los angloparlantes (nativos y no-nativos) que no están acostumbrados a oír un dialecto o el otro.

Si tienes preguntas sobre el contenido de esta Essential Weekly Vitamin, por favor usa el foro en la sección Daily Vitamin Plus! en nuestra página web.

I hope you have a wonderful day and an excellent weekend!



Thursday the 28th of May, 2009
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THOROUGH

LISTEN TO THE DAILY VITAMIN HERE:

Good morning.

Today's word is: thorough (adjective)

Meaning: done completely, with great attention to detail.

Example 1:
Before the trial, the police will carry out a thorough investigation.

Example 2
:
Chris has a thorough knowledge of social media.

Example 3:
David...I would like you to clean your bedroom. But please clean it thoroughly this time!

If you have any questions about today's Daily Vitamin, please post them in the Daily Vitamin Plus! forum section on our website (www.ziggurat.es).

Remember that tomorrow we will send the Essential Weekly Vitamin for Spanish-speaking students of English.

Enjoy the rest of your day!



Wednesday the 27th of May, 2009
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LOOPHOLE

LISTEN TO THE DAILY VITAMIN HERE:

Good morning.

Today's word is: loophole

Meaning: Loophole is used in legal contexts to indicate when there is a mistake in the way a law or contract has been written, which enables people to legally avoid doing something that the law or contract theoretically obliges them to do.

Example 1:
The company found various loopholes in the tax code which allowed them to pay virtually no taxes in 2008, despite earning more than 10 million euros.

Example 2
:
Due to a loophole in the criminal law code, the thief was set free.

If you have any questions about today's Daily Vitamin, please post them in the Daily Vitamin Plus! forum section on our website (www.ziggurat.es).

Have a nice day.



Tuesday the 26th of May, 2009
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TOUCHY

LISTEN TO THE DAILY VITAMIN HERE:

Good morning.

Today's word is: Touchy (adjective)

Meaning: Sensitive or delicate. If said of a person, easily upset.

Example 1:
Whatever you do, don't mention the word "crisis" around the boss. He's a bit touchy about the recent drop in sales.

Example 2:
I can be very touchy after a long day, so please be patient with me.

Example 3:
Remember to avoid talking about politics or religion at the party; they are both very touchy subjects.

If you have any questions about today's Daily Vitamin, please post them in the Daily Vitamin Plus! forum section on our website (www.ziggurat.es).

I hope you have a nice day.


Monday the 25th of May, 2009
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AT STAKE

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Good morning. I hope you had a great weekend.

Today's expression is: at stake

Meaning: to be won or lost, depending on the success of a particular action; at risk.

Example 1:
We cannot afford to take such dangerous risks when people's lives are at stake!

Example 2:
For Manchester and Barcelona Football Club fans, there is a lot at stake on May 27th, the day of the final of the Champions League.

If you have any questions about today's Daily Vitamin, please post them in the Daily Vitamin Plus! forum section on our website (www.ziggurat.es).

Have a good day.