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Wednesday the 31st of October, 2007
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HAPPY HALLOWEEN 2007

LISTEN TO THE DAILY VITAMIN HERE:

Good morning everybody. Happy Halloween!

Today's special Daily Vitamin includes:

1) An expression with a Halloween-related word (ghost = fantasma).
2) A brief history of Halloween and some informative Internet links with more information.

1. TODAY'S HALLOWEEN EXPRESSION

To give up the ghost

Meaning: a humorous way to say that a machine has stopped working.

Example 1:
My old car finally gave up the ghost.

2. THE HISTORY OF HALLOWEEN
Halloween (also spelled Hallowe'en, especially in UK English) is generally considered to be a typical 'U.S. Holiday.' However, its origins are European.

There is lots of disagreement as to the exact origin of Halloween, but most believe that the modern celebration of Halloween is a VERY distant descendant of the ancient Celtic fire festival called Samhain (pronounced 'sow-in'). It was the biggest and most significant holiday of the Celtic year. The Celts (pronounced 'Kelts') lived more than 2,000 years ago in what is now Great Britain, Ireland, and France. Their new year began on November 1.

Here are some websites that you can visit for more information about the history of Halloween:

1) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Halloween (in English)

2) http://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Halloween (in Spanish)

For more websites, simply type 'Halloween' in the Google Search Engine and you will get millions of options.

Tomorrow and Friday we will not be sending the Daily Vitamin, so the next Daily Vitamin will be Monday, November 5th. Enjoy your long weekend, if you have one. (For more information about the expression long weekend, see the Daily Vitamin from September 26th, 2007.)

Please post any questions about today's Daily Vitamin in the Daily Vitamin Plus! forum section on our website. If you have any questions about how to use the Daily Vitamin Plus! section or would like to receive a Daily Vitamin Plus! manual, please contact us.

Happy Halloween!



Tuesday the 30th of October, 2007
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COSTUME vs. CUSTOM

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Hello.

Today's word is: Costume

Meaning: clothes worn by actors in a play or film or worn by somebody to make them look like something else; clothes that you wear, especially at parties, to make you appear to be a different character (also called Fancy Dress in UK English).

Example 1:
Tomorrow is Halloween. Are you going to wear a costume?

Example 2:
The actors were still in costume and make-up. 

Notice that this word is NOT translated to Spanish as costumbre. We translate costumbre as custom.

Example 3:
I don't like the custom of buying gifts at Christmas. It causes lots of wasteful spending and stress

If you have any questions about today's Daily Vitamin, please post them in the Daily Vitamin Plus! forum section on our website.

Have a good day.



Monday the 29th of October, 2007
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FABRIC vs. FACTORY

LISTEN TO THE DAILY VITAMIN HERE:

Good morning. I hope you had a nice weekend.

Today's word is: Fabric

Meaning: material made by weaving (tejiendo) wool (lana), cotton (algodón), silk (seda), etc. used for making clothes, curtains and for covering furniture.

Example 1:
John: What kind of fabric is your new sofa made out of?
Jack: It's made out of wool.

Example 2:
He bought two new shirts made from knitted fabric

Notice that fabric is NOT translated into Spanish as fábrica. Fábrica is factory in English.

Example 3:
The multinational company is going to close the factory next year, so hundreds of workers will lose their jobs

If you have any questions about today's Daily Vitamin, please post them in the Daily Vitamin Plus! forum section on our website.

Enjoy your day!



Friday the 26th of October, 2007
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INJURY vs. INSULT

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Good morning.

Today's word is: Injury

Meaning: harm done to a person's or an animal's body, for example in sport or in an accident.

Example 1:
Eto'o will not play for weeks, since he has suffered another injury.

The verb equivalent of this noun is to injure.

Example 2:
Five people were killed in the accident, and another 3 were injured.

Notice that these words are NOT translated to Spanish as injuria. We translate injuria as insult.

Example 3:
David got in trouble at school when the teacher caught him insulting one of his classmates. 

If you have any questions about today's Daily Vitamin, please post them in the Daily Vitamin Plus! forum section on our website.

Enjoy the rest of your day and have a great weekend! 



Thursday the 25th of October, 2007
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PRESUME vs. CONCEITED

LISTEN TO THE DAILY VITAMIN HERE:

Good morning.

Today's word is: Presume (verb)

Meaning: to suppose that something is true; to accept that something is true until it is shown not to be true.

Example 1:
Natasha is late again. I presume there have been problems with the trains again. Can you call her to find out when she will arrive?

Example 2:
I saw Lori and Alex walking together, hand in hand, and I presumed they were a couple. It turns out that they are brother and sister.

Notice that this word is NOT the translation of the Spanish word presumir. We translate presumir as to show off or to be conceited. (For more information about the ways of translating the Spanish verb presumir, see the Daily Vitamins from the 7th and 8th of October, 2004.)

Example 3:
She seems like a very nice person, but her boyfriend is extremely conceited; he thinks he's God's gift to women. I don't understand what she sees in him!


If you have any questions about today's Daily Vitamin, please post them in the Daily Vitamin Plus! forum section on our website.

Enjoy the rest of your day.