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Thursday the 30th of November, 2006
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FALSE FRIEND: TO REALISE (REVIEW)

LISTEN TO THE DAILY VITAMIN HERE:

Good morning!

Today's Daily Vitamin is a version of a Daily Vitamin originally sent on October 28th, 2003. I hope you find it useful.

***************************************

Today's word is a very useful verb: to realise (esp.= darse cuenta de / cat.= adonar-se)

Meaning: To begin to understand something that you did not know or notice before.

NOTE: This verb does NOT mean the same as in Spanish and Catalan! (realizar/realitzar)

Example 1:
When I converted the price from Euros to Pesetas, I realised how expensive it was.

Example 2:
I've just realised how much I miss him.

Example 3:
After losing the elections, they realised how much they had lost touch with the citizens.

If you have any questions about this very frequently used verb, please post them in the Daily Vitamin Plus! forum section on our website.

Have a good day!



Wednesday the 29th of November, 2006
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EXPIRY DATE

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Good morning.

Today's expression is: Expiry Date (Expiration Date US)

It Means: the date on which something can no longer be used or is no longer safe to eat. The verb equivalent is to expire.

Example 1:
Any time you buy something over the telephone with a credit card, they will always ask you for the expiry date.  

Example 2:
David: Papa. Can I have a glass of milk?
Matthew: I'm sorry David. The expiry date on this milk is November 1st; it has surely gone bad. How about some orange juice?

Example 3:
Jack: I would like to check this book out of the library, please.
Librarian: I'm sorry. Your library card has expired

Please post any questions about today's Daily Vitamin in the Daily Vitamin Plus! forum section on our website. If you have any questions about how to use the Daily Vitamin Plus! section or would like to receive a Daily Vitamin Plus! manual, please contact us.

I'll see you tomorrow.



Tuesday the 28th of November, 2006
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STUBBORN

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Good morning.

Today's word is: Stubborn

Meaning: a stubborn person is not willing to change their ideas or consider anyone else's reasons or argument. Stubborn can also be used to mean "very difficult to change or defeat."

Example 1:
My wife says that I'm very stubborn, but I always tell her I'm not stubborn; I'm just always right.

Example 2:
My son has been ill for weeks; he has a very stubborn infection that just won't go away.

Example 3:
In the last US elections, the Republican party met stubborn opposition from the Democrats.

Please post any questions about today's Daily Vitamin in the Daily Vitamin Plus! forum section on our website. If you have any questions about how to use the Daily Vitamin Plus! section or would like to receive a Daily Vitamin Plus! manual, please contact us.

Enjoy the rest of your day!



Monday the 27th of November, 2006
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EXHIBITION vs. EXPOSITION

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Good morning. I hope everyone had a good weekend!

Today we will look at two words that often cause confusion: exhibition and exposition.

Exhibition means: a collection of things (goods or works of art, etc.) for public display so that people can look at them.

Exposition means: A public event or show of industrial products or technology. 

As you can see, they are very similar in meaning. The difference is what type of other words they group with (or what words they collocate with).

Example 1:
Last weekend I went to a wonderful Art exhibition with my girlfriend; the exhibit included various paintings from the Spanish baroque period, including some by Velázquez.  

Example 2:
Jack: Have you ever been to a Universal Exposition?
Matt: Yes, I want to the Expo in Seville in 1992. I had a great time.

The error usually comes when students use exposition where they should use exhibition. The most typical case is in the context of an ART exhibition. We do NOT usually say an art exposition.

Example 3:
Paul Champlain and Jean Rudolph were largely responsible for a renaissance in art exhibition in Manhattan's Lower East Side during the 80's.

Please post any questions about today's Daily Vitamin in the Daily Vitamin Plus! forum section on our website.

Have a nice day.



Friday the 24th of November, 2006
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SYSTEMATIC VOCABULARY LEARNING-4

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Good morning.

Today we will finish up our suggestions for systematising your vocabulary learning with two very useful, but simple, strategies.

Mnemonic Tricks
Mnemonic tricks are sentences or mental connections that you can use to help you to remember new vocabulary. Sometimes they are ridiculous relationships that we create between new English words and other English words, or even Spanish or Catalan words. For example, a student once told me that he remembered the word "receipt" (recibo/rebut) by relating it to the English verb "receive." Although they are different words, there is some similarity in meaning and spelling between them.

By making this connection, he was able to instantly learn this new word. I'm sure all of you have used this method at some time in your life; use it with English to learn those difficult-to-remember words!

Working New Vocabulary into your Writing
At some point you may have been asked to write a composition with new vocabulary. Although sometimes unnatural, forcing new words into a coherent text can help you to learn the new words. Of course, ideally you would have a teacher that could correct your composition to make sure that all of the words are incorporated correctly; but even if you don't have a teacher, make a conscious effort to incorporate new words into emails, letters and faxes that you have to write for professional or personal reasons.

I hope you have found this week's suggestions useful. If you have any of your own favourite tricks for learning vocabulary, we would love to hear from you. ;-)

Please post any questions about today's Daily Vitamin in the Daily Vitamin Plus! forum section on our website. If you have any questions about how to use the Daily Vitamin Plus! section or would like to receive a Daily Vitamin Plus! manual, please contact us.

I hope you have a good day and an excellent weekend!