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Wednesday the 30th of November, 2005
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FULFILLED

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Good morning. Today's word is: fulfilled (adjective) It means: to feel happy and satisfied, especially because you are doing something important or you are using your abilities. Example 1 Jack and Jill have their own business. Although they work long hours, it makes them feel so fulfilled that they don't mind dedicating all their time to it. Example 2 If you are no longer fulfilled by your relationship, perhaps it's time to separate. There is also the equivalent -ing adjective (fulfilling), which is very closely related to fulfilled. Example 3 For the moment, raising my children is fulfilling enough for me. Perhaps when they are older, I will need to go back to work to continue feeling fulfilled. Remember that we use -ing adjectives to describe things and -ed adjectives to talk about feelings. For more review of the difference between -ing adjectives and -ed adjectives, see the Daily Vitamin from April 14th, 2004. Remember to post any questions about today's Daily Vitamin in the Daily Vitamin Plus! section on our website. If you have any questions about how to use the Daily Vitamin Plus! section, please send us an email to vitamin@ziggurat.es. Have a great day!



Tuesday the 29th of November, 2005
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FULL

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Good morning. This week we are explaining words and expressions related to the word or concept FULL (lleno). Today's word is: full (adjective) MEANING 1: to contain the largest amount (quantity) that will fit in a particular place or container. Example 1: The yoga class that I wanted to take is full, so I am going to try a tai-chi class instead. Example 2: We did the shopping this morning and now the fridge is full of food. MEANING 2: to prefer not to eat more food because you have eaten enough already. Example 3: He says he doesn't want dessert. He's full. Example 4: I was so full after Christmas dinner that I had to lie down. Suffix -ful: Some adjectives end with the suffix -ful. This suffix expresses the idea to be complete or full of a particular characteristic. Examples of adjectives with this ending are: cheerful, wonderful, helpful, scornful, or powerful. If you see one of these adjectives, you might be able to deduce the meaning: powerful = 'full of power'. This rule of deduction does not always work (for example, awful), but it does in many cases. If you can learn the meaning of different prefixes and suffixes, it can help improve your comprehension skills. Remember to post any questions about today's Daily Vitamin in the Daily Vitamin Plus! section on our website. If you have any questions about how to use the Daily Vitamin Plus! section, please send us an email to vitamin@ziggurat.es. Have a great day!



Monday the 28th of November, 2005
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TO GET (BE) FED UP WITH

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Good morning. I hope you had a pleasant weekend. We are going to dedicate this week of Daily Vitamins to words and expressions related to the word or concept FULL (lleno), so I hope you've had your breakfast! We will start today by reviewing an expression that we explained in a Daily Vitamin from 2004. Today's expression is: fed up with It means: to be annoyed or bored with something or someone. The word fed comes from the verb feed (alimentar), so we can imagine the expression fed up with to mean that we have 'taken in' or 'ingested' somebody else's actions to the limit. We cannot "take" anymore of their behaviour. Example 1 I'm getting fed up with Margaret's continual complaints about my cooking. If she doesn't like it, she should cook for herself! Example 2 Everybody is fed up with playing this game. Why don't we do something else? You can also use the adjective fed up without specifying what you are fed up with. Example 3 Elaine looks a bit fed up. Perhaps we should leave her alone. Tomorrow we will learn another common expression related to the concept FULL. Remember to post any questions about today's Daily Vitamin in the Daily Vitamin Plus! section on our website. If you have any questions about how to use the Daily Vitamin Plus! section, please send us an email to vitamin@ziggurat.es. Enjoy the rest of your day!



Friday the 25th of November, 2005
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BUSINESS AS USUAL

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Good morning, Today's expression is: business as usual (Pronunciation: BIZ-nes) It is used: to describe a situation where everything is happening normally or according to routine, especially after a time when things happened differently. Example 1 The first week in December will be shorter than usual because of the long holiday weekend and we won't get much done; but after that it will be back to business as usual. Example 2 A computer virus wiped out (erradicó) all of our files, half of the staff is on strike (en huelga), the managing director just quit and you are acting like it's business as usual! Do you realize what is going on around you? Open your eyes! Example 3 We were very excited during the days when the famous actors came to visit the hospital and we could hardly concentrate on our work, but now everything is business as usual. Remember to post any questions about today's Daily Vitamin in the Daily Vitamin Plus! section on our website. If you have any questions about how to use the Daily Vitamin Plus! section, please send us an email to vitamin@ziggurat.es. Have a great weekend!



Thursday the 24th of November, 2005
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TO MEAN BUSINESS

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Good morning, Today's expression is: to mean business (Pronunciation: BIZ-nes) It is used: to say that you are very serious about something that you say or that you have to do Example 1 Mother: George! Have you cleaned you room yet? I meant business when I said that you couldn't watch TV until you did! George: Awwww, mum! Can't I do it tomorrow? Mother: No! Now means now! Example 2 Lucy has given away most of her books and music CDs. She's also thrown away half of her wardrobe (ropa) and she plans to sell her car. She says she wants to simplify her life and I guess she means business! Remember to post any questions about today's Daily Vitamin in the Daily Vitamin Plus! section on our website. If you have any questions about how to use the Daily Vitamin Plus! section, please send us an email to vitamin@ziggurat.es. Enjoy your day!